Even as The United Methodist Church faces mounting disaffiliations, those who plan to remain United Methodist are collaborating more across jurisdictional lines.
Jurisdictional conferences also saw more women and more people of color become bishops and the most “firsts” since 1984.
Still, the delegates and new bishops acknowledge challenges ahead.
The five jurisdictional conferences — meeting simultaneously across the U.S. — elected a new class of United Methodist bishops that includes a higher percentage of women and people of color than previous election cycles.
The 13 new U.S. bishops, who take office Jan. 1, are taking the helm as The United Methodist Church faces the ongoing fallout of a global pandemic and a slow-motion separation after decades of debate on LGBTQ inclusion.
Council of Bishops President Thomas J. Bickerton said it is a joy to welcome new episcopal colleagues.
“I anticipate that the impact of their leadership will be felt as soon as they arrive on the scene,” he said in a press release. “This is a historic class that adds needed diversity to the work of our council. They also represent some of the shifts needed in the denomination at this point in our life together.”
Even amid mounting church disaffiliations, those who plan to remain United Methodist showed signs of greater unity — collaborating across jurisdictional lines in trying to set the direction of the denomination’s future. For example, all five jurisdictions approved similarly worded petitions that aspire to a future United Methodist Church “where LGBTQIA+ people will be protected, affirmed, and empowered in the life and ministry of the church.”
Jurisdictional gatherings “always had a family reunion-type feel,” said Lonnie Chafin, a veteran North Central Jurisdictional Conference delegate from Northern Illinois. “But we’ve managed to make some things happen.”
That includes electing the most “firsts” to United Methodist episcopal office since 1984. That year, the Western Jurisdiction elected the denomination’s first Japanese American, first Hispanic/Latino and first Black woman bishop.
This year saw the election of:
- Bishop David Wilson, the denomination’s first Native American bishop, by the South Central Jurisdiction. Wilson is Choctaw.
- Bishop Carlo A. Rapanut, the denomination’s first Filipino American bishop, by the Western Jurisdiction. He is also the first U.S. bishop ordained in a United Methodist central conference, the counterparts of U.S. jurisdictions. The central conferences are in Africa, Europe and the Philippines.
- Bishop Héctor A. Burgos-Núñez, the first Hispanic/Latino bishop in the Northeastern Jurisdiction.
- Bishop Delores “Dee” Williamston, the first Black woman bishop in the South Central Jurisdiction.
- Bishop Cedrick D. Bridgeforth, the denomination’s first openly gay and married Black male bishop, by the Western Jurisdiction. The Western Jurisdiction previously elected Bishop Karen Oliveto, the denomination’s first openly gay and married white female bishop in 2016. The Book of Discipline, the denomination’s policy book, bans the ordination of “self-avowed practicing” gay clergy, and the Judicial Council has ruled that the status of married gay bishops is subject to review within their jurisdiction.
Of the 13 U.S. bishops elected at the 2022 jurisdictional conferences, seven are women and eight are people of color. Bishop Kennetha Bigham-Tsai, the first bishop elected this year, is a Black woman and the third Black woman elected to the episcopacy by the North Central Jurisdiction.
“I believe the election of more women is a testament to the experience of those who have been blessed serving under the leadership of women,” said Dawn Wiggins Hare, the top executive of the United Methodist Commission on the Status and Role of Women.
“As we journey towards perfection, part of that journey is to recognize the knowledge, spirit and skills that women bring as we are created in the image of God. Our journey is not complete, but this was a huge step forward.”
The Rev. Giovanni Arroyo, the top executive of the United Methodist Commission on Religion and Race, likewise noted the progress in electing people of color to serve as bishops.
“It is also important to note that having a first in our elections in 2022 highlights how systemic racism has been so alive in our church,” Arroyo said. “Why did it take 21 jurisdictional conferences for the Northeastern Jurisdiction to elect a Latino, for example?”
There are also still other demographic “firsts” that The United Methodist Church has yet to see including the election of a Pacific Islander or Asian American clergywoman as bishop.
Arroyo said the Northeastern Jurisdiction passed a motion on Nov. 4 urging its bishops and jurisdictional leaders to partner with the Commission on Religion and Race on addressing racism and healing in the Northeastern Jurisdiction.
Both the Southeastern and Western jurisdictions also took time out of their work to grapple with the racism faced by some of their bishop candidates.
Still, there is no question that church disaffiliations are changing the church including on matters of race.
Bishop John Schol noted in giving the Northeastern Jurisdiction’s episcopal address that the overwhelming majority of churches disaffiliating in that jurisdiction are predominantly white.
“African Americans are once more staying with The United Methodist Church to make it a better church, as they have done before,” said Schol, who leads the Greater New Jersey and Eastern Pennsylvania conferences. “The United Methodist Church owes a great debt that must be paid by ridding the church of the sin of racism and making ours a church that chooses equity rather than only equality.”
Another indication of change: A group of South Central Jurisdiction delegates took a moment of personal privilege to apologize for their jurisdiction’s role in challenging the election of Bishop Oliveto in 2016.
“We would like to extend from our hearts to those in the Western Jurisdiction our deepest apologies for the harm that we have done,” said the Rev. Katie McKay Simpson, a clergy delegate from the Louisiana Conference, standing with other delegates. “We are so, so sorry. There is not much that can be fixed but there is certainly much we can do to usher in the new birth of a vital and vibrant church that is in store for us, starting with an awareness of a better way possible.”
Watching video of McKay Simpson’s apology the following day, the Western Jurisdiction responded with a standing ovation and plans for a more formal response.
While electing bishops was their main work, the five conferences debated and acted on other matters, and their unified approach was striking.
All approved resolutions calling for more regional governance of The United Methodist Church. The resolutions offered specific support for the Christmas Covenant and Connectional Table legislation that would create a U.S. regional conference.
Supporters say the regional approach would create more equity in governance and allow the Book of Discipline to be adapted more easily for missional effectiveness.
The Rev. Magrey deVega, a Florida Conference delegate, spoke for the resolution before the Southeastern Jurisdictional Conference, saying more regional governance “offers an exciting and hopeful vision of The United Methodist Church.”
But there were speeches against the resolution in the Southeastern Jurisdictional Conference, and a vote by show of hands was close enough to require electronic balloting. The resolution was approved with 203 in favor and 115 opposed.
The five jurisdictional conferences also approved a resolution titled “Queer Delegates’ Call to Center Justice and Empowerment for LGBTQIA+ People in the UMC.”
Among other things, the measure calls for annual conferences to either not pursue or resolve through a non-punitive, just resolution process any complaints against clergy regarding their sexual orientation or officiating at same-sex weddings.
Jesi Lipp, a lay delegate from the Great Plains Conference, co-sponsored the resolution in the South Central Jurisdictional Conference, and in a floor speech argued that gay people continue to face discrimination as they try to participate fully in the denomination.
“Too many of us are still not seen,” Lipp said.
The resolution passed 128-35 in South Central. But another Great Plains lay delegate, Dixie Brewster, asked presiding Bishop Cynthia Fierro Harvey for a decision of law to determine if any provisions contradict the Book of Discipline. Harvey has 30 days from the date the resolution passed, Nov. 3, to respond.
A request of law also was made after the resolution was approved by the North Central Jurisdiction. The Southeastern Jurisdiction approved the resolution, but after clarifying the resolution is aspirational.
The jurisdictional conferences also weighed in on disaffiliation, approving resolutions asking that those who are committed to leaving The United Methodist Church refrain, as a matter of integrity, from serving in leadership roles as their time in the denomination winds down.
In the Northeastern Jurisdictional Conference, New England Conference youth representative Galen Schad said those leaving have a conflict of interest that requires asking them to step aside.
But Scott Johnson, a Texas Conference lay delegate, spoke against the resolution before the South Central Jurisdiction. His church has voted to disaffiliate but remains part of the denomination until the Texas Conference meets next month to consider approving churches’ departures.
Johnson said he ran to represent those concerned that the Book of Discipline is not enforced, and that they would be disenfranchised if he ended his service as delegate early.
The South Central Jurisdiction is seeing hundreds of local church disaffiliations, and South Central Jurisdictional Conference delegates heard an impassioned floor speech about that from the Rev. Stan Copeland on Nov. 3.
Copeland, pastor of Dallas’ Lovers Lane United Methodist, specifically faulted some United Methodist bishops for providing “promotion and support” to the breakaway, traditionalist Global Methodist Church, which some disaffiliating churches are joining.
In what may have been the single most widely shared line from the five jurisdictional conferences, Copeland implored the South Central College of Bishops to hold accountable fellow episcopal leaders who aren’t fully committed to The United Methodist Church.
“Simply stated, one cannot play for the Astros and pitch for the Phillies,” Copeland said.
As the jurisdictional conferences pushed toward conclusion last week, word came that the next General Conference will be held April 23 to May 3, 2024, in Charlotte, North Carolina.
Barring something unforeseen, the next round of jurisdictional conferences — with bishop elections again the main business — will occur the following July.
For now, many church leaders are urging United Methodists to stay focused, faithful and calm. Bishop James Swanson reminded the Southeastern Jurisdictional Conference of Jesus telling the disciples to not be afraid.
“Even with all the rumbling and the rumors and everything that’s going on,” Swanson said, preaching Nov. 2, “do not let your hearts be troubled.”
Hahn is assistant news editor for UM News, Hodges is a UM News reporter in Dallas, and Kim is director of Korean and Asian news at United Methodist Communications. Tim Tanton contributed, as did conference communicators. Find all of UM News’s coverage of the 2022 episcopal elections of The United Methodist Church on the UM News landing page.